Practice Areas


I was a Los Angeles defense lawyer for over a decade, handling thousands of cases from start to finish. Now, I represent select Plaintiffs in California, Montana, and federal courts for various types of harm, ranging from constitutional rights to real estate.



School Law can mean almost any issue that arises in education. I am help parents defend their child’s educational rights. 

On May 12, 2021, Montana took a stand against CRT. Even though Montana has effectively banned CRT in our public schools.

The Montana Office of the Attorney General and Montana Department of Justice stand ready to assist OPI and parents, students, employees or other individuals with complaints of unlawful race-based discrimination. There are a variety of legal avenues available.

  • For violations of the Individual Dignity Clause and the MHRA, individuals should file complaints with the Montana Human Rights Bureau.
  • For violations of Title VI and the Equal Protection Clause, students and parents may either file a lawsuit directly against their school or file a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education.
  • For violations of Title VII, employees should file a complaint with the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.




Religious freedom and and the First Amendment are under attack. If you are confronted with an issue impacting your employment or business, know your rights.

The Supreme Court of the United States struck down the vaccine mandates for employers with 100+ employees. However, it left the CMS mandate for healthcare workers in place. Recently, a court ruled that Montana’s HB702 was preempted by the federal CMS mandate. And, also recently, a court lifted the injunction on federal employees. None of the mandates preempt your religious freedom, including religious exemption from the vaccine mandates.

The scope and impact of the various mandates can get complex. If you are facing an issue with your employer and would like some guidance, schedule a consult with Abby.